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How I Do It - Surgical approach to facial palsy 
– lengthening the temporalis myoplasty

In cases of long-established facial palsy, one of the main problems faced by patients is the inability to smile. In this situation, consideration should be given to facial reanimation (smile) surgery. In most cases of chronic facial palsy new muscles...

Temple restoration

The complex biological process of facial ageing engenders many structural changes that are influenced by the combined effects of gravity, bone resorption, soft tissue atrophy, displacement of fat and a complex synergy of textural skin changes [1]. One of the...

Rejuvenation of the forehead: correction of the frontal concavity

During the ageing process, many different anatomical changes contribute to the aged appearance of the face [1]. Focusing on the forehead, typical age-related changes are regression of the hairline, solar damage, skin laxity, dynamic wrinkles, reduction of fat and bone...

The use of neuromodulators in the management of TMJ disorders

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) articulates the mandible to the base of the skull. Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) are a group of musculoskeletal syndromes affecting the TMJ and the supporting musculature. The muscles, bony articular surfaces and disc may all be...

Facial contouring with fillers

With the advent of hyaluronic acid fillers, safe and effective non-surgical facial rejuvenation has been advanced. Hyaluronic acid fillers are becoming increasingly popular amongst patient who seek facial enhancement. In 2013, there were over 1.8 million treatments using hyaluronic acid...

Converse scalping flap for nasal reconstruction procedures

Case report This 78-year-old gentleman underwent excision of basal cell carcinoma overlying the left alar, nasal tip and nasal dorsum. The Converse scalping flap was raised and used to cover the defect. Non-adherent dressing was applied to provide temporary cover...

How I Do It - Peri-orbital rejuvenation using HA fillers

The peri-orbital region is the first to show signs of ageing due to thin skin and changes in texture, colour and volume. This can make the eyes look tired or sunken which can have a negative impact on the global...

Plastic Surgery Volume 5: Breast

This volume covers all aspects of breast surgery from anatomy to aesthetic surgery and then breast reconstruction for oncological and developmental aetiologies. In particular, several well-written chapters discuss the complications of breast surgery and their management with special consideration of...

How I Do It - A global approach to facial volumising

As the demand for natural results in aesthetic medicine increases, both patients and physicians are more educated in the complex ageing process of the face. Instead of chasing lines, a more global facial approach with strategic placement of deep volume,...

Temporomandibular disorders – a surgeon’s view

The temporomandibular joint is unique, in that it has a fibrocartilaginous intra-articular disc and has a ginglyomo-arthrodial action. The disc is designed to allow for the gliding movement down the posterior slope of the articular eminence with little, if any,...