Mental health status and functional outcomes of rhinoplasty

The authors investigated the impact of mental health on patient satisfaction with rhinoplasty. They responded to the question whether preoperative mental health is associated with satisfaction with functional outcomes of rhinoplasty. They assessed baseline nasal function and postsurgical functional outcomes...

Post-treatment advice following botulinum toxin injections

The author gives a detailed review of the advice that is routinely offered to patients following treatment with botulinum toxin, as well as the available evidence to substantiate current recommendations. There is a detailed description of the mechanism of action...

Laser treatment of tattoos

A useful and detailed paper on the theoretical and practical applications of laser tattoo removal, supported by an overview of the history of the use of lasers. Specifically, the author describes some of the basic laser physics, the assessment of...

Total lower lip reconstruction: a review

Total or near total defects of the lower lip may result from trauma, cancer ablation or congenital causes. Defects usually involve the full thickness and include skin, muscle and mucosa. There are a number of techniques for the one stage...

Fixed or variable Muller’s muscle resection

This is a retrospective analysis of 60 patients who underwent posterior approach ptosis surgery utilising a Muller’s muscle resection. The study compares those who underwent a fixed resection length of 7mm of Muller’s muscle with those having a variable resection...

Acute dacryocystic retention

This is a retrospective study of patients with acute dacryocystic retention (ADR). The condition is distinct from infectious dacryocystitis, and is chararcterised by an acute onset of pain and epiphora associated with a tender but not inflamed lacrimal sac thought...

Hyaluronic acid filler for infraorbital hollows

Volume loss theory has changed the traditional theory of excess tissue as the cause of facial aging. Periorbital area is a challenging region for the injection because of its thin skin, increased vascularity, and compromised lymphatic drainage system. So contour...

One anastomosis or two

This is a cumulative meta-analysis from Hong Kong reviewing 27 articles and a total of 7389 flaps. The authors, at the outset, acknowledge that the number of anastomoses is not the only factor of venous compromise and flap failure. Nonetheless...