You searched for "tissue"

613 results found

Augmentation rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty refers to a procedure in plastic surgery in which the structure of the nose is changed by adding or removing bone or cartilage, grafting tissue from another part of the body, or implanting synthetic material to alter the shape...

Recent developments in facelift surgery

Early facelifting procedures were documented in the 1900s, where skin undermining with excess skin excision along the hairline was performed. The 1970s witnessed a major change with an upsurge in public interest in facelift surgery, which led to innovative changes...

Bone augmentation for dental implant surgery

Crawford Gray, Dental Implant Clinician in Aberdeen, demonstrates how the development of grafting materials and techniques has allowed an improved aesthetic outcome from dental implant surgery. The provision of dental implants has become an accepted part of patient care, encompassing...

Association of skin thickness with alar base reduction

The authors present the findings of a retrospective study including 621 patients who had septorhinoplasty using lateral crural repositioning (LCrep) with lateral crural strut grafting (LCSG) and with or without alar base resection. Study participants’ skin types were determined intraoperatively...

The use of intravenous tPA for the treatment of severe frostbite

Frostbite can lead to severe consequences to a patient, including loss of digits and limbs. It causes tissue injury by causing cell membrane damage through the formation of extracellular ice crystals and by causing vascular thrombosis. It is to reverse...

Longevity of lip augmentation with SMAS

Lip augmentation is an extremely popular cosmetic procedure. Various surgical techniques have been described. However, only a few studies have specifically addressed lip augmentation with superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS). Postoperative analysis never extended beyond one year so far. The authors...

The life cycles and biological end pathways of dermal fillers

This is an extremely comprehensive and well-designed study of short-term and long-term degradable fillers as well as permanent fillers. Having identified and reviewed 109 relevant manuscripts between 2001 and 2013, Ahn and Rao have produced an excellent paper on this...

One stage nasal reconstruction with local flaps

This is an excellent and authoritative review of an often difficult and controversial clinical subject. Because of increased education and earlier diagnosis of skin tumours, surgeons are being presented with an increasing number of defects with limited size and depth....

An analysis of 60 treated cystic lesions in children

This is a retrospective single centre study of 60 consecutive cases in children. Ages are from four months to 14 years and cover the period 2000-2012. All patients were treated under a general anaesthetic. As expected most of the cysts...

The supraclavicular artery flap for head and neck reconstruction

Free tissue transfer has been manifested to be the primary reconstructive tool for major ablative defects of the head and neck. However, many patients are not good candidates for free tissue transfer because of their medical comorbidities or lack of...

How long should you wait for your adrenaline to work?

The authors present a prospective, randomised, triple-blind study to see how long it really takes to obtain the lowest cutaneous haemoglobin concentration after lignocaine with adrenaline injection. Twelve healthy volunteers were injected simultaneously in each arm with either plain 1%...

Descending branch peroneal artery perforator flap

Reconstruction of distal third defects in the lower limb is a challenge that often requires microsurgical free tissue transfer. The authors introduce a peroneal artery perforator flap based on the deep descending branch for reconstruction of lateral malleolar defects. They...