You searched for "forehead"

56 results found

Forehead rhytides – anatomy and neuromodulator treatment

This article refines our understanding surrounding the forehead in general and more specifically of the anatomy and function of frontalis, a common target for anti-wrinkle injections. The author enrolled a cohort of volunteers with a wide range of ethnic backgrounds...

Rejuvenation of the forehead: correction of the frontal concavity

During the ageing process, many different anatomical changes contribute to the aged appearance of the face [1]. Focusing on the forehead, typical age-related changes are regression of the hairline, solar damage, skin laxity, dynamic wrinkles, reduction of fat and bone...

An anecdotal and historical review of the median forehead flap

The specialty of plastic surgery has roots stretching back centuries. Here HS Adenwalla, renowned cleft surgeon, provides a fascinating account of the development of the median forehead flap. In the early 1970s a young boy of 16-years-old was brought to...

Stability of lateral canthal position following endoscopic forehead-midface-lift

The paper is a retrospective study of the changes on the lateral canthal area following endoscopic forehead-midface-lift in a series of 40 patients operated by the same surgeon. Four different parameters (horizontal width, vertical height, palpebral fissure width and angle...

Nasal reconstruction – short and sweet

This brief article by Stephen S Park presents his modified technique for nasal reconstruction, based on a single-stage forehead flap. The author presents this method as an alternative to a multiple staged interpolated forehead flap and discusses its advantages and...

Long-term complication after nasal dorsum augmentation

This is a case report describing a 54-year-old man who had had a rhinoplasty 10 years earlier and was unaware that he had had a porous polyethylene dorsal nasal implant inserted. He presented with a small pustule in the lower...

Converse scalping flap for nasal reconstruction procedures

Case report This 78-year-old gentleman underwent excision of basal cell carcinoma overlying the left alar, nasal tip and nasal dorsum. The Converse scalping flap was raised and used to cover the defect. Non-adherent dressing was applied to provide temporary cover...

Ethnic characteristics of the hair

The authors of this article discuss various aspects of ethnic differences in the field of hair restoration. They categorise three ethnic groups: Asian, White and African. In the article anatomic and hair characteristics are introduced. Understanding the follicle shape, calibre...

Subcutaneous botox

The authors of this paper performed a double blind, randomised, prospective trial on 19 patients receiving intramuscular botulinum toxin injections on one side of the forehead and subcutaneous injections on the other. Objective assessment of brow elevation and subjective self-evaluation...

Transgender facial surgery

In this review article the author outlines the various elements of this subspecialty, with reference to published literature and his own clinical experience in the field. The article does not present new data, and lacks the detail necessary to appeal...

A modification of the crescentic flap for nasal skin reconstruction

Non melanoma skin cancers are the most frequent malignant skin tumours and in over 25% of cases affect the nose. Following excision, the reconstruction can be challenging. The nasal complex has adjacent concave and convex surfaces, minimal laxity and nasal...

Improving the anatomical understanding of the causation of fine lines

An interesting piece which explores the current evidence of the factors that are thought to lead to facial ageing through fine lines. The author outlines a detailed discussion of the many intrinsic factors which can lead to the emergence of...