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Living confidently with a distinctive face or body

The visual impact of having a face which has scars from an accident or burns like mine or a birthmark, a cleft lip and palate, a Bell’s palsy or a skin condition is arguably not taken seriously enough by clinical...

Plastic surgery founding father Ivo Pitanguy on life, learning and legends – remembering a giant

World renowned Plastic Surgeon Ivo Pitanguy passed away on 6 August 2016 at the age of 93 just a day after carrying the Olympic torch for the Rio Games. Read on to learn about the life of this giant of...

Non-surgical vs. surgical labiaplasty

The author suggests that unfavourable post-surgical complications and patient satisfaction are outcomes which are often unmet following more invasive procedures, demonstrated by an increase in demand into non-surgical procedures to correct labial hypertrophy, which is inconsistently defined by a limited...

The effect of smoking status on burn inhalation injury mortality

It is well recognised that inhalational injury is a major predictor of mortality in burns patients. However, there have not been any studies looking at the effect smoking (and its effects on the lungs) in these patients. Therefore, this is...

Exploring skin anatomy, function and site-specific treatment options

A detailed paper exploring salient concepts of skin anatomy pertinent to aesthetic practitioners, performing non-surgical treatments. Components of the epidermis and dermis are comprehensively described, with emphasis placed on clinicians developing an in depth understanding of how the ageing process...

Dark circles in the periorbital region

The author provides an insightful paper on the aetiological factors involved in dark circles and explores the treatment options. An emphasis is placed on the importance of undertaking a thorough patient consultation and history to establish causative factor(s), as well...

Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) recovery after ORIF fractured mandible

Mandibular fractures are quite common facial injuries, but aetiology varies with country and age. Common treatment options are open reduction and internal fixation via an intra oral or extra oral incision. Nerve injury or dysfunction is often seen preoperatively and...

Facelifting after radiotherapy for head and neck tumours

This paper sought to determine whether facelifting in patients with prior radiotherapy for head and neck cancer was safe. This study focuses on a small sample of 16 patients matched to controls who were retrospectively assessed for major surgical morbidity....

Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the skin

A comprehensive paper concerning the dermal effects of sun exposure, including strategies which aesthetic nurses can adopt to guide patients in making evidence-based choices in selecting suitable sun protection. The key principles of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), including the immediate and...

Dermal filler complications

The author presents a useful overview of some of the contributory factors for impending necrosis. It is important to note that compression may not always be due to excessive placement of product or placement within a vessel; the viscosity and...

Facial nerve injuries in fixing mandibular condylar fractures

The commonest fracture of the mandible is reported in the region of the condyle. Untreated this can lead to shortening of the ramus, facial asymmetry, arthrosis of the temporomandibular joint, impaired mastication and speech. The standard treatment is open reduction...

Update on necrotising fasciitis

As a reviewer, there is always a temptation to select those articles in which one has a particular interest and to review them, rather than those which may very well deserve a review, but are outside one’s personal experience. So...