You searched for "symmetry"

176 results found

Addressing eyelid ptosis in upper lid blepharoplasty

The authors of this article thoroughly explain the anatomical basis of upper eyelid asymmetry and the impact it may have on blepharoplasty. The eyelid is divided into three different areas (brow fat span, tarsal plate show and margin reflex distance)...

Not all faces are alike

The author examined 108 photographs of faces taken in an exact front view, in order to look for different patterns of facial shapes: round, square, heart shaped, oval and long. The author recognised that this was a qualitative analysis and...

Columellar strut in rhinoplasty

Several techniques are described to improve nasal tip shape; most of them include suture techniques or invisible grafts. In this article the author wants to put emphasis in the role of the columellar strut graft as a method to correct...

Facial asymmetry in patients with deviated noses

Rhinoplasty of a deviated nose is known to be a challenge of its own kind, especially when patients presenting with a deviated nose are unaware of their underlying facial asymmetry. Patients with a successfully straightened nose, continue to perceive their...

Facial asymmetry and nasal septal deviation

The authors’ aim was to evaluate the relationship between nasal septal deviation and facial asymmetry. They performed a study of 60 patients who had facial 3D CT scans from April 2011 to March 2014 and confirmed facial asymmetry, who were...

The double-half bilobed flap or traditional bilobed flap – which is better?

Reconstruction of the nasal tip following ablative surgery can be taxing. The nasal tip is a very visible area with largely immovable skin and reconstruction needs an appreciation of the various sub-units to achieve best results. The traditional superiorly based...

Could a left-sided facial perceptual bias affect satisfaction with oculoplastic procedures?

This article has been verified for CPD. Click the button below to answer a few short questions and download a form to be included in your CPD folder. Facial symmetry is usually a priority for both patient and clinician when...

SPECT scans not justified in growth of the mandibular condyle

This is a paper from Hong Kong of 200 patients between January 2011 and July 2013 who underwent SPECT bone scintigraphy for assessment of growth causing condylar hyperplasia and subsequent mandibular asymmetry. Thirty-four patients were found to have active growth...

Frontal and lateral facial attractiveness

The authors examined the association between frontal and lateral facial attractiveness and identified anatomical features that may influence discordance between frontal and lateral facial beauty. They studied paired frontal and lateral facial synthetic images of 240 white women by using...

Non-surgical periocular aesthetics

The periocular region is the focal point of facial communication. Millimetre increments of change required to achieve bilateral symmetry and harmony can be difficult to achieve by surgical means only. Non-surgical aesthetic modifications offer a number of advantages in selected...

­Immediate planned reconstruction following complex craniofacial reconstruction

The immediate reconstruction of 3-D craniofacial defects is extremely difficult and can be more difficult than the ablation. Perfect shape and symmetry is required. In the past decade this has largely improved with CAD/CAM engineering. The authors report a one-step...

Objective measurement of the available excursion of temporalis muscle-tendon unit for the paralysed face

The transfer of functional muscle tendon units offers the potential for restoration of some facial tone, symmetry and motion after a single-stage procedure in reanimating the paralysed face. Apart from selecting the right donor muscle of adequate strength and excursion,...