You searched for "muscle"

185 results found

The use of neuromodulators in the management of TMJ disorders

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) articulates the mandible to the base of the skull. Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) are a group of musculoskeletal syndromes affecting the TMJ and the supporting musculature. The muscles, bony articular surfaces and disc may all be...

Harvesting the flexor hallucis longus what is the increased morbidity

The free fibula flap and its variations are now widely used in various clinical applications for microvascular reconstructions. Occasionally and to add bulk the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) muscle is harvested along with the fibula. Additionally, the postoperative morbidity is...

Righting the paralysed lip

Many surgical procedures that otolaryngologists perform put the facial nerve at risk of injury, a complication that the surgeon and patient fear alike. Unfortunately, injuries to the nerve can and do happen despite adequate precautions, and facial paralysis may be...

How I Do It - Surgical approach to facial palsy – lengthening the temporalis myoplasty

In cases of long-established facial palsy, one of the main problems faced by patients is the inability to smile. In this situation, consideration should be given to facial reanimation (smile) surgery. In most cases of chronic facial palsy new muscles...

Reconstruction after parotid surgery

This is a retrospective study from Naples, Italy. The authors analyse and compare patients that had benign parotid disease that were reconstructed with three different techniques. Between February 2002 and March 2009, 224 patients were included; these patients had either...

How I Do It - Body contouring using truSculpt® flex

The truSculpt® flex is a ‘next generation’ electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) device that has been cleared by the FDA for strengthening, firming, and toning the abdomen, buttocks, and thighs, as well as improving posture and reducing back pain by up...

How I Do It - 360° body contouring through combined techniques

Today, patients are looking for non-invasive and customised aesthetic procedures with no downtime. They want a global body treatment for a natural and harmonious result. To get the best possible results, treatments have to be combined. It is rare for...

Blepharoplasty and orbital fat repositioning

The authors present their personal technique on lower blepharoplasty with preserving a strong orbicularis oculi sling and maintaining lower eyelid position with periosteal fixation of the lateral canthus and skin- muscle flap. In their technique, after elevation of skin flap,...

Occlusal splint, injections or arthrocentesis in myofascial pain

Facial pain is a fairly common complaint and may present in a myriad of symptoms. These patients present to both dentists and general practitioners and could end up referred to a number of specialists. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) may originate from...

Management of masseter hypertrophy and bruxism with Botulinum Toxin A

This article has been verified for CPD. Click the button below to answer a few short questions and download a form to be included in your CPD folder. The squaring of the lower third of the face can be an...

The creation of PlayDoh® models as an educational tool for teaching anatomy of the lips and peri-oral musculature

As lip procedures continue to be popular it is essential that all practitioners have a detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the area. The authors outline an innovative and engaging method of teaching. Detailed knowledge of the soft tissue anatomy...

Malar mounds and festoons

Periorbital rejuvenation and blepharoplasty, in particular, are very common procedures nowadays in aesthetic practice. More than 153,000 blepharoplasty procedures were peformed in the USA during 2012. Blepharoplasty can sometimes be a very challenging surgery, especially if the patient presents with...