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Cosmetic botulinum toxin: minimal invasive facial enhancement

Myriam Loyo and Theda Kontis present a review of indications for minimally invasive facial cosmetic procedures, based on chemodenervation with botulinum toxin A. The authors present the following treatments in a well structured manner: chemical brow lift, treatment of hypertrophic...

Facial changes caused by smoking

Smoking is a well known factor in facial ageing. In this interesting evidence level II article, the authors have decided to evaluate the effect of smoking in monozygotic twins with different smoking histories using standarised photography. Seventy-nine pairs of twins...

Treatment of vertical alar discrepancy

This article explains the way to treat vertical alar discrepancy through alar crease and alar sulcus full-thickness incisions and advancement-rotation of the alar flaps. The authors divide the group of patients into three main categories depending on the vertical movement...

Modifying the DIEP flap in autologous breast reconstruction, introducing a fifth ‘Fleur-de-lis’ zone

With current consumer disquiet about silicone implants, more patients may request autologous reconstruction. This can cause difficulties in patients who have undergone massive weight loss. The authors describe an ingenious solution, modifying the deep inferior epigastric perforators (DIEP) flap to...

Treatment of established facial palsy with botulinum toxin followed by half mirror exercises

Seventeen patients with unilateral facial palsy for more than a year were treated with botulinum toxin injections to relieve symptoms of facial synkinesis or hyperkinetic movements. Three injections were given at six to eight month intervals, followed by daily half...

Rhinoplasty for cleft nose deformity

This article has been verified for CPD. Click the button below to answer a few short questions and download a form to be included in your CPD folder. Modern cleft lip and palate repairs produce excellent functional and aesthetic results...

Comprehensive Cleft Care Second Edition: Two Volume Set

This book (second edition) attempts to cover all the scientific and clinical disciplines related to cleft care, which is indeed a wide remit. It ably achieves its aims. It provides coverage of cleft care from prenatal diagnosis to definitive orthognathic...

How I Do It - Thin lips – remodelling with hyaluronic acid

Volumetric changes in treating thin lips remain a challenge for all aesthetic medical practitioners. Obtaining an optimum result requires a good knowledge of facial anatomy, an excellent injection technique and adequate and careful patient selection. With inappropriate patient choice, even...

Facial aesthetics and orthognathic surgery

Most maxillofacial procedures have an aesthetic element. Reconstructive procedures and surgery to correct congenital abnormalities such as cleft lip have an obvious aesthetic impact. When making surgical incisions for access to the underlying facial skeleton consideration will be made to...