Imaging accurately predicting the need for mandibular resection

This is an article from Australia of 109 patients, 83 of which had CT, 72 MRI and the presence of bone invasion on imaging was compared with the histopathology. Bone invasion was present in 44 of 109 resection specimens. Bone...

Bone grafting in orthognathic surgery

This is a systematic review from Belgium and Saudi Arabia of 48 articles. They reviewed the complication, stability, aesthetics and healing of Le Fort I, sagittal split, chin and zygomatic osteotomies. They concluded that there was strong evidence that bone...

Long-term quality outcomes of bimaxillary surgery of obstructive sleep apnoea

This is a review of 12 patients initially two years postoperatively and again at least 17 years postop. Successful outcome of a decrease in apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) of greater than 50% was thought to be success. Eight of the initial...

Risks of tracheostomy in head and neck cancer

Tracheostomy is an accepted surgical procedure that is one of the oldest ways of securing the airway. It is widely accepted to protect the airway after big cases of head and neck cancer and especially following free flap reconstruction. It...

Rib grafts for mandibular reconstruction

The mandible provides support for the function of the lips, floor of mouth and tongue, and provision of oral competence and function such as swallowing, chewing and speech. Reconstruction of the mandible following ablation thus requires good bone stock to...

A comprehensive guide to use of facial fillers for facial rejuvenation

The paper provided is extremely thorough and well structured, covering the topics of patient assessment, treatment options and techniques as well as the management of potential complications following hyaluronic acid filler injection. A detailed guide highlighting individualised treatment planning to...

Thyroid eye disease and obstructive sleep apnoea

This is a retrospective study looking for an association between compressive optic neuropathy in thyroid eye disease (TED-CON) and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). One hundred and nine patients with thyroid eye disease were asked to complete a validated questionnaire designed...

Cavernous sinus thrombosis and orbital cellulitis

This is a report of six cases of combined orbital cellulitis and infective cavernous sinus thrombosis, with a literature review. The average age was 39 years, four were male and two were intravenous drug users. All had sinusitis, usually involving...

A new autologous flap option for breast reconstruction

The authors of this paper present the first meaningful series utilising the lateral thigh perforator flap for breast construction. Eight patients had delayed unilateral reconstruction, each with two stacked flaps. Anastamoses were performed antegrade and retrograde to one internal mammary...

A superbly readable review of cleft orthognathics

It is a long time since I had any involvement with cleft surgery, but I do occasionally encounter cleft patients (presenting with other things), and trainees who will soon be asked to give a reasonable account of things that they...

Jawline augmentation: restoring balance in the ageing face

The context of the popularity of injectable treatments is outlined with the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) 2018 stats describing the 3% rise in the number of injectable dermal fillers being performed. The author gives a detailed description of...

Rosacea: approaches to a complex and chronic skin condition

The complexity surrounding the causes of rosacea are briefly outlined, such as organism colonisation, susceptible skin types, and the challenge of misdiagnosis. The author classifies the condition into the following sub-types: erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, papulopustular rosacea, phymatous rosacea and ocular rosacea....