The lateral neck cystic mass – diagnostic dilemma

Solitary cystic masses in the lateral neck can present a significant diagnostic dilemma. These cystic masses often develop in young adults distinguishing a branchial cleft cyst from a cystic lymph node with imaging and even high-quality fine needle aspiration cytology...

Pedicle calcification an uncommon problem

Bony free flap reconstruction of the facial skeleton following ablative surgery is common. Replacement with like for like tissues to reduce morbidity and facilitate rehabilitation is accepted gold standard. Current microvascular flap transfers have success rates in excess of 90%...

When to treat a fractured mandible?

This is a prospective study from Brisbane of 215 patients with a total of 359 fractures of the mandible. Nine outcome variables were analysed with a further 19 included to adjust for potential confounding. Treatment delay was found not to...

Postoperative delirium

This is a retrospective study from Japan analysing 102 patients who underwent oral cancer resection and free flap reconstruction. Postoperative delirium occurred in a third of these patients. An increased risk was identified in those with high preoperative albumin, postoperative...

Mental health status and functional outcomes of rhinoplasty

The authors investigated the impact of mental health on patient satisfaction with rhinoplasty. They responded to the question whether preoperative mental health is associated with satisfaction with functional outcomes of rhinoplasty. They assessed baseline nasal function and postsurgical functional outcomes...

Post-treatment advice following botulinum toxin injections

The author gives a detailed review of the advice that is routinely offered to patients following treatment with botulinum toxin, as well as the available evidence to substantiate current recommendations. There is a detailed description of the mechanism of action...

Laser treatment of tattoos

A useful and detailed paper on the theoretical and practical applications of laser tattoo removal, supported by an overview of the history of the use of lasers. Specifically, the author describes some of the basic laser physics, the assessment of...

Total lower lip reconstruction: a review

Total or near total defects of the lower lip may result from trauma, cancer ablation or congenital causes. Defects usually involve the full thickness and include skin, muscle and mucosa. There are a number of techniques for the one stage...