Significance of abnormal retropharyngeal nodes in head and neck cancer

Abnormal retropharyngeal lymph nodes (RLN) have prognostic relevance for patients with oral, oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, consensus on the evaluation and management of abnormal RLN in these patients is lacking. The authors of this paper provided...

Delays in oral cancer

This is a review from Canada where they attempt to relate the delays in oral cancer presentation to treatment and the impact on stage, diagnosis and survival. They recognise that potentially the most significant delay is between the patient first...

Locked or unlocked

This is as systematic review and meta-analysis from the Netherlands, evaluating postoperative complications of mandibular fractures using locking and non-locking systems. It is suggested that postoperative complications of surgical treatment of mandibular fractures occur in 20-26% of patients, and it...

Do bicycle helmets prevent facial injuries

This is an analysis from Germany where they reviewed over 7000 bicycle accidents over a 16-year period that met their inclusion criteria. Over 1000 had a facial injury (bone or soft tissue) with helmets being worn in 11.8% of accidents....

Using autologous blood to reduce post-operative infections

The removal of impacted wisdom teeth is a commonly carried out surgical procedure in maxillofacial surgery. Apart from the usual complications of postoperative bleeding and wound infection, the most painful one is alveolar osteitis. This is mainly dependent on retaining...

Rectal ketamine during paediatric burn wound dressing procedures

Ketamine is well reported as being safe to use in providing analgesia, sedation and amnesia in paediatric populations. This prospective, randomised, double-blinded study aimed to establish an optimum dose of ketamine in burns treatment settings in children aged six months...

Radiotherapy for orbital apex cavernous haemangiomas

This is a review of six patients with cavernous venous malformations (haemangiomas) involving the orbital apex who were treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. Patients were diagnosed on MRI imaging with only one having had previous surgery to debulk the lesion....

Congenital ptosis and astigmatism

This is a review of the effect of congenital ptosis surgery on refractive error. Seventy-one eyes of 56 patients were reviewed. The unoperated eye in unilateral cases was used as the control group. The mean age at surgery was 5.1...

Nasal appearance evaluations following spreader graft placement

Widening the nasal dorsum has been one of the major aesthetic concerns after using spreader grafts to improve nasal airway obstruction in patients with nasal valve problems. In this study the authors evaluated the association of functional septorhinoplasty using spreader...

Seasonal impact in burn profiles

This study provides a seven-year retrospective review of burns management in one burns unit in Portugal. Particular focus is given to the cause (including whether or not the burn was work related or domestic), anatomical location and depth of burn,...

Imaging accurately predicting the need for mandibular resection

This is an article from Australia of 109 patients, 83 of which had CT, 72 MRI and the presence of bone invasion on imaging was compared with the histopathology. Bone invasion was present in 44 of 109 resection specimens. Bone...

Bone grafting in orthognathic surgery

This is a systematic review from Belgium and Saudi Arabia of 48 articles. They reviewed the complication, stability, aesthetics and healing of Le Fort I, sagittal split, chin and zygomatic osteotomies. They concluded that there was strong evidence that bone...