Non-intentional burns in children

This is an interesting epidemiological study on the incidence and relevant factors in paediatric burns. There is some very good data, well presented and analysed well. This study would be well placed in with Switzerland’s public health setting to help...

The value of bariatric specific chart to initiate resuscitation

This is an interesting well written retrospective analysis of resuscitation in bariatric patients, but the study has two significant flaws. The first flaw is that parklands formula, with estimate from lund browder charts, is a guide and a best estimate...

Early hypothermia as risk factor in severely burned patients

This retrospective outcome study looks at patient temperature on admission and if this affected outcome and what variables play a part in the patient’s temperature. Again, this is well written and thought out, but is limited by sample size. They...

Vitamin D and thyroid eye disease

This is a retrospective review of vitamin D levels in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED). Vitamin D levels in 89 patients with Grave’s disease and TED were compared against 89 patients with Grave’s disease and no TED. They also...

Ablepharon-macrostomia syndrome

The ablepharon-macrostomia syndrome is a very rare condition caused by a dominant mutation in the TWIST2 gene. Congenital defects include rudimentary eyelids, macrostomia, ambiguous genitalia and campodactyly. Neonates are at risk of severe corneal exposure without intervention. Previous reports have...

Maximising the results of blepharoplasty

The aesthetic anatomy of lower eyelid is detailed leading to discussion of operative technique to achieve the goals of blepharoplasty; for the lower lid these are a youthful lid cheek junction, a positive canthal tilt and no scleral show. The...

Surgical management of refractory osteoradionecrosis

This is a French single-centre, 10-year experience of 55 surgical resection and reconstruction procedures. They claim an overall effectiveness rate of 92.3%. Thity-six segmental and 19 marginal mandibulectomies were performed. A variety of free flaps were used with soft tissue...

Hierarchy of orthognathic surgical stability

This study was designed as ‘an overview’ of secondary studies and analysed 15 articles. Two procedures were considered highly unstable, a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy for clockwise rotation of the mandible with bi-cortical screw rigid internal fixation, and posterior maxillary...