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Stem cells in reconstructive surgery: a bright but cautious future

Regenerative medicine using stem cell technology is slowly becoming a reality in routine clinical practice especially in the field of tissue regeneration [1]. It is therefore not surprising that stem cell technology is starting to be of interest in reconstructive...

Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) recovery after ORIF fractured mandible

Mandibular fractures are quite common facial injuries, but aetiology varies with country and age. Common treatment options are open reduction and internal fixation via an intra oral or extra oral incision. Nerve injury or dysfunction is often seen preoperatively and...

Diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the jaw

Although the management of medical relation osteonecrosis of the jaw is usually provided by colleagues in maxillofacial surgery, it is essential for ENT surgeons to effectively diagnose the various presentations of this condition. Affected bone that is exposed and necrotic...

Righting the paralysed lip

Many surgical procedures that otolaryngologists perform put the facial nerve at risk of injury, a complication that the surgeon and patient fear alike. Unfortunately, injuries to the nerve can and do happen despite adequate precautions, and facial paralysis may be...

Post-cancer prosthodontic reconstruction

A functional outcome after head and neck cancer resection is aimed at restoring speech and swallow. Dental reconstruction greatly facilitates this, particularly by enabling the patient to chew food. The authors reinforce the need for careful presurgical planning with treatment...

Surgical indications for infantile haemangiomas

Infantile haemangiomas (IHs) are embryonic tumours and represent the most common tumour of infancy, with an estimated incidence of 4-5%. There is a well described natural history, usually becoming apparent in the first few weeks of life and proliferating rapidly,...

Labbé in children

This is the first report in the literature of orthodromic temporalis tendon transfer or the Labbé technique performed on children. The authors used a modification of the transoral approach to the temporalis tendon, originally described by Byrne and Boahene, which...

A comparison between the American European Consensus Group and the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for Sjogren's syndrome

This article highlights the challenges in diagnosing Sjogren's syndrome. As is pointed out in the introduction, there is no one gold standard for diagnosis and since 1965, there have been 11 sets of classification criteria for Sjogren's syndrome. The authors...

Cosmetic botulinum toxin: minimal invasive facial enhancement

Myriam Loyo and Theda Kontis present a review of indications for minimally invasive facial cosmetic procedures, based on chemodenervation with botulinum toxin A. The authors present the following treatments in a well structured manner: chemical brow lift, treatment of hypertrophic...

Gross Negligence Manslaughter in Healthcare: The medico-legal dilemma (part 13) – Records of necessary information

Today is the first day of the Chinese New Year. This is the year of the Tiger. I am fine, I am a Dragon. This is going to be an interesting year.

ENT and facial surgeons issue guidance to protect doctors and dentists during COVID-19 pandemic. 

Two surgical specialty associations have come together for the first time to protect dentists and doctors examining and treating patients who may have COVID-19 (coronavirus), but do not yet know they are infected. The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial...

Temporary tracheostomies are not always necessary for head and neck free flap reconstruction

Complex head and neck cancer cases with reconstruction can be challenging due to the risk of loss of airway. Temporary tracheostomies are often used to protect the airway following complex oral and maxillofacial ablative surgery and reconstruction. However, while this...