You searched for "oestrogen"

54 results found

Oestrogen receptors in breast capsules – experimental findings

This study from Rome, on humans, is stated by the authors to be not definitive and further work is required before any treatment can be recommended. But careful analysis of oestrogen receptors in breast capsules and the number of fibroblasts...

Differences between compounded BHRT and conventional HRT

Can BHRT offer hope to women suffering from debilitating menopausal symptoms? Ruth Crofford, ‘the menopause nurse’, explores the evidence, safety issues and misconceptions around the therapy. Life expectancy for women in the UK is currently 80.96 years [1]. Females in...

Age-related changes in the menopausal woman

The author explores the aesthetic impact of hormonal ageing during the perimenopausal, menopausal and postmenopausal periods. The author explains that oestrogen levels can impact upon several skin functions, including: excessive hair growth, pigmentation, vascularity, elasticity and water-holding capacity. A detailed...

Vaginal dryness and the menopause

An insightful overview of a specialised topic. The author describes survey findings which indicate a lack of available information to menopausal women about the relationship between vaginal dryness and hormones. Obstacles to affected individuals obtaining specialist input appear to be...

A new treatment for genitourinary syndrome of menopause

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) [1] is defined as a collection of symptoms and signs mainly associated with the progressive decrease in oestrogen levels. The lack of hormones, usually produced by the ovaries in fertile age, may lead to genital...

Assessment and management of the mature female face with dermal fillers

The author presents an interesting and popular aesthetic topic with discussion on the background of the growth and demand for dermal fillers, including some of the popular types currently favoured. There is discussion on poly-L-Lactic acid and calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA)...

Improving the anatomical understanding of the causation of fine lines

An interesting piece which explores the current evidence of the factors that are thought to lead to facial ageing through fine lines. The author outlines a detailed discussion of the many intrinsic factors which can lead to the emergence of...

Male aesthetic treatments: a review

There is a growing demand for aesthetic procedures for men. Anna Baker provides an overview of the popular treatments and explains the important differences between male and female facial anatomy that need to be considered before treating these patients.

Diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the jaw

Although the management of medical relation osteonecrosis of the jaw is usually provided by colleagues in maxillofacial surgery, it is essential for ENT surgeons to effectively diagnose the various presentations of this condition. Affected bone that is exposed and necrotic...

Internal factors contributing to optimal skin health and rejuvenation

The author explores some common internal factors that affect skin health, such as; nutrition, hormonal balance, gut health and emotional wellbeing. The author’s treatment philosophy aims to address internal factors relating to skin health by reducing, preventing and eliminating oxidative...

Clinical case of hypertrichosis

Laser hair removal remains the best method of eliminating unwanted hair, including cases of hirsutism. Due to the pathogenesis of hirsutism, laser therapy alone can be insufficient to treat it. Male pattern terminal hair growth is caused by androgens and...

How I Do It - Reduction ­thyroplasty

Introduction Male to female transgender patients often undergo reduction thyroplasty – a procedure to reduce the external appearance of the thyroid cartilage of the larynx, and feminisation of the voice. Reduction thyroplasty, often erroneously called ‘tracheal shave’, is one of...