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Ethnic characteristics of the hair

The authors of this article discuss various aspects of ethnic differences in the field of hair restoration. They categorise three ethnic groups: Asian, White and African. In the article anatomic and hair characteristics are introduced. Understanding the follicle shape, calibre...

Reconstructive Surgery in Post Colonial Africa

Both plastic and maxillo-facial surgery developed out of armed combat. Initially, general surgeons attached to the military might perform reconstructive attempts, but more realistically and pragmatically, destructive surgery was more suited to their situation. Amputation of limbs undoubtedly saved lives...

Ultrastructural changes in keloid scars

One of the most intriguing and infuriating problems confronting plastic surgeons is the occurrence of hypertrophic and keloid scars, in some patients – particularly black Africans – but not in others. Many theories have been proposed regarding the cause of...

Wide variation in the volume of the sphenoid trigone

This is a radiological study of the volume of the sphenoid trigone in normal subjects. The authors were interested to see how much volume could be gained by removal of the trigone during an orbital decompression for thyroid eye disease....

Ethnic Considerations in Facial Plastic Surgery

If you are struggling to address the wide variety of ethnic considerations in your multi-ethnic patient population you could consider a world tour of expert centres, although your carbon footprint might not look smart and your Amex may be burdened....

2nd Chance: reconstructive surgery for life reconstruction

Many populations throughout the developing world have no access to the specialist healthcare needed by patients who have suffered severe burns, war injuries or congenital disorders. The specialties of plastic and maxillofacial surgery can make a vital contribution and PMFA...

Is rib cartilage a safe material for rhinoplasty

This is a meta-analysis of complications associated with use of autologus costal cartilage in rhinoplasty involving 10 studies with 491 patients with a mean follow-up of 33 months. The results of the meta-analysis show a very low rate of complications...

Mercy Mission: all aboard with Mercy Ships off the coast of West Africa

Countries along the coast of West Africa are amongst the poorest in the world. Extreme levels of poverty often lead to poor outcomes or fatalities in many medical conditions that would be eminently treatable, with good outcomes in more developed...