Non-surgical periocular aesthetics

The periocular region is the focal point of facial communication. Millimetre increments of change required to achieve bilateral symmetry and harmony can be difficult to achieve by surgical means only. Non-surgical aesthetic modifications offer a number of advantages in selected...

Treatments for hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is a challenging, multifactorial and complex skin disorder affecting many individuals. The techniques and products described are based upon the author’s own clinical experience in treating hyperpigmentation and emphasises the importance of seeking specialist advice during a face to...

The pitfalls of having cosmetic procedures abroad

The author presents an interesting and thought-provoking case study, describing the risks of undergoing non-surgical procedures overseas. The account describes the journey of an individual who sought treatment with a dermal filler on the basis of a ‘weekend experience’ in...

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and appearance anxiety

An interesting overview of the impact which appearance anxiety can create upon an individual’s wellbeing. Studies estimate one third of individuals with a visible difference are thought to develop anxiety and stress as a consequence. Whilst the discussion surrounding this...

Headache relief and onabotulinumtoxinA injections

This is an evaluation of the treatment efficacy of cosmetic doses of onabotulinumtoxinA (approximately 15-50 units) on the frequency and severity of headaches in patients. This study is marred by its own self-admitted bias, and fault lines exist in the...

Z-plasty release of congenital muscular torticollis

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is common in neonates, with a frequency of 0.3% to 2%, and usually responds to passive stretching below the age of one year. This study evaluated the results of performing an inferior Z-plasty release of the...

Post auricular advancement flap for partial helix defect repair

Ear defects can be the result of trauma, burns or ablative surgery. The three dimensional structure of the pinna with its subunits presents a difficult reconstructive challenge as successful reconstruction requires both similar tissue cover and a supporting framework. Partial...

Successful nose replantation

This case report describes a superb result following the delayed replantation (after eight hours) of the distal right nostril following a dog bite. The patient was a heavy smoker. Two arteries and two veins were anastomosed, one measuring 0.6mm and...

Ultrastructural changes in keloid scars

One of the most intriguing and infuriating problems confronting plastic surgeons is the occurrence of hypertrophic and keloid scars, in some patients – particularly black Africans – but not in others. Many theories have been proposed regarding the cause of...

A model for Lentigo Maligna recurrence

Lentigo Maligna presents a difficult problem for both the histopathologist and the plastic surgeon. The pathologist has great difficulty in assessing where the borders of the lesion lie, while the plastic surgeon is dealing with these lesions which commonly occur...

Factors affecting the success of canalicular repairs

This is a 10-year retrospective review of 137 canalicular laceration repairs, looking for factors which affected the outcome. A successful outcome was defined as no epiphora at three months or more after removal of the stent. Overall the success rate...

Orthognathic surgery for OSAS

Orthognathic surgery is developing as a viable and long-lasting treatment option for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). There have been a growing number of publications that report the benefit of using conventional orthognathic techniques for OSAS. In the present retrospective...