You searched for "mandible"

129 results found

Do implants assist rehabilitation following mandibular reconstruction?

The gold standard for the reconstruction of the mandible is a free bony flap, the fibula being commonly used. Following reconstruction optimal function and aesthetic rehabilitation is the goal. There is no doubt that patients consider chewing, swallowing and speech...

Bone thickness and split pattern in mandibular osteotomies

This paper looked at 63 sagittal split ramus osteotomy sites. The type of split was classified according to the Plooij paper and bone measurements were taken at four sites. Of these sites, the thickness of the bone in one point,...

Is it possible to fix condylar neck fractures with one plate?

Fractures of the condylar neck are fairly common and account for over 25% of all mandible fractures. Over the years a number of modalities have been used to fix these fractures. Direct reduction is complicated by the overlying proximity of...

Application of substance P as an osteogenitor in mandibular distraction osteogenesis

In this well organised study the authors demonstrate the benefit of use of substance P to improve the quality of bone during mandibular distraction. Substance P is a neuropeptide that is distributed in those sensory nerve fibres that innervate the...

Money saving using CAD-CAM in mandibular reconstruction

Computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) are an exciting dimension in the functional and accurate reconstruction of the oral cavity. The fibula is commonly used for mandibular reconstruction as a free flap. This straight bone needs to be...

Facial nerve injuries in fixing mandibular condylar fractures

The commonest fracture of the mandible is reported in the region of the condyle. Untreated this can lead to shortening of the ramus, facial asymmetry, arthrosis of the temporomandibular joint, impaired mastication and speech. The standard treatment is open reduction...

The role of maxillomandibular advancement surgery in obstructive sleep apnoea

Facial surgery for the correction of acquired or developmental skeletal and occlusal abnormalities has been practised within the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) for several decades. OMFS surgeons have an understanding of the influence of skeletal movements on...

Maxillo-facial and neck surgery in Iraq and Afghanistan

Over the past 150 years, military personnel wounded in action had a survival rate of approximately 80% [1]. During the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, those servicemen wounded in action have a 90.4% survival rate [2]. During the past...

Dental implant rehabilitation in fibula free flaps

The fibula free flap was first described in 1975 and since then has gone on to become the gold standard technique for reconstruction of longer spans in the mandible or maxilla. It is a reliable flap that affords good quality...

An elegant extension to the facelift, resulting in good neck correction

The author discusses his experience in over 200 cases of an overlapping plication platysmaplasty technique via the facelift incision, thus avoiding a submental incision. A logical argument is made to the benefit of the procedure, providing more extensive retraction in...

Bone grafting in orthognathic surgery

This is a systematic review from Belgium and Saudi Arabia of 48 articles. They reviewed the complication, stability, aesthetics and healing of Le Fort I, sagittal split, chin and zygomatic osteotomies. They concluded that there was strong evidence that bone...

Old dogs can learn new tricks: the use of an often overlooked treatment modality for pathologically fractured mandibles

Figure 1: Timeline detailing key events in the patient’s treatment. Whilst commonly affecting the feet, spine and hips in adults, osteomyelitis (OM) can also present to the oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) clinic as pathology of the jaws. Case reports...