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721 results found

Comparison of direct suture and nerve grafting on a rodent model of facial nerve injury

The paper shows the result of a study comparing recovery after complete facial nerve transection and immediate repair by direct neurorrhaphy or nerve grafting in an animal model. The authors cut the buccal and mandibular trunk of the left facial...

The role of the maxillo-facial surgeon in the management of skull base malignancy

Whilst ablative surgery remains the principal treatment option for head and neck malignancy, the skull base is the last frontier. The complex anatomy, supreme functionality of the brain, and varied pathology provokes many a detailed discussion in the multidisciplinary team...

Treatment of established facial palsy with botulinum toxin followed by half mirror exercises

Seventeen patients with unilateral facial palsy for more than a year were treated with botulinum toxin injections to relieve symptoms of facial synkinesis or hyperkinetic movements. Three injections were given at six to eight month intervals, followed by daily half...

Free style facial artery perforator flaps for nasal reconstruction

This is an update from the team of authors that originally described the free style facial artery perforator flap, for one stage nasal reconstruction, in 2009. They now update after 10 years of experience with these freestyle facial artery perforator...

Minimally Invasive and Office-Based Procedures in Facial Plastic Surgery

The authors of Minimally Invasive and Office-Based Procedures in Facial Plastic Surgery share their expertise of the fast-evolving field of minimally invasive procedures in aesthetic facial rejuvenation in this informative textbook. The content of Minimally Invasive and Office-Based Procedures in...

Facial palsy: What do patients and healthcare care about?

The article describes the process for establishing a collaborative research agenda to address gaps in understanding of the diagnosis, treatment management of facial palsy. A Delphi technique was used in order to establish a facial palsy research agenda. In round...

Classification and assessment of midfacial fractures: no more Le Fort facial fractures

There is some evidence that severe or complex midfacial or orbital fractures have declined over the last decade. Interestingly there is also evidence of an increase in road traffic accidents but a decrease in facial injuries. This is possibly attributed...

Advanced botulinum toxin injection techniques for lower facial correction

The author discusses practical guidance for treating the lower face with botulinum toxin. Whilst Abobotulinumtoxin A and Onabotulinumtoxin A are discussed in relation to treating the lower face, Incobotulinum toxin A is not acknowledged, despite the available literature on the...

Botulinum toxin and dermal filler treatment for facial deformity: an analysis of patient satisfaction

Dermal fillers and botulinum toxin are being increasingly used to treat facial deformities but are patients satisfied with the results? Facial deformity can result in low confidence and self-esteem amongst patients due to cosmetic and functional difficulties [1]. There is...

Body dysmorphic disorder in a facial plastic and reconstructive surgery clinic

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is under recognised and under detected among patients undergoing facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. Patients with BDD require psychiatric care not cosmetic surgery. In order to protect patients and surgeons, sound screening for BDD preoperatively should...

Reconstruction paediatric lower facial defects with an expanded flap from the submental region

Lower facial and perioral scars from burns or defects following treatment of vascular lesions can lead to serious facial deformity with lip ectropion and asymmetry. Conventional reconstructive methods like skin grafts or free flaps do not always give a satisfactory...

How I Do It - Surgical approach to facial palsy – lengthening the temporalis myoplasty

In cases of long-established facial palsy, one of the main problems faced by patients is the inability to smile. In this situation, consideration should be given to facial reanimation (smile) surgery. In most cases of chronic facial palsy new muscles...