Classification and assessment of midfacial fractures: no more Le Fort facial fractures

There is some evidence that severe or complex midfacial or orbital fractures have declined over the last decade. Interestingly there is also evidence of an increase in road traffic accidents but a decrease in facial injuries. This is possibly attributed...

Airway first in patients with facial trauma

Anyone that has ever been on an advanced trauma life support (ATLS) or indeed any other trauma course will be well indoctrinated with the principles of airways, breathing and circulation (ABC). Securing the airway is of paramount importance; but what...

A simplified method for advancement genioplasty

Lower facial aesthetics can be improved with either bony advancement osteotomy or alloplastic implant augmentation. The choice of these options frequently depends on the experience of the surgeon. In their retrospective study on 126 patients, Chan and Ducic, describe and...

Bleb-related changes in upper lid position

This is a review of five patients with upper lid ptosis or lid retraction secondary to large filtering blebs post-trabeculectomy. The authors review each case and apply a model to analyse the separate forces acting on the upper lid to...

Proprioception and ptosis

This is a small prospective study investigating the effect of proprioceptive factors on upper lid height. Eight unilaterally anophthalmic patients with ocular prostheses and normal lid heights had standardised photographic measurements taken of their eyelid and brow positions. Three sets...

Surgical exposures of the hand

This paper by Watt and Chung gives the reader an overview of hand anatomy, comments upon the aesthetics of hand surgery and summarizes some surgical approaches to the hand. The introduction presents a concise overview of the relevant anatomy of...

The role of thrombolytics in acute and chronic occlusion of the hand

In keeping with much of this edition of the Hand Clinics journal, this article accurately and appropriately sets out the background, epidemiology and current approach to management of acute and chronic upper limb ischaemia. The background sections ease the reader...

The role of botulinum toxin in vasospastic disorders of the hand

We were interested to read the review article by Dr Neumeister titled, The Role of Botulinum Toxin in Vasospastic Disorders of the Hand. The paper provided a thorough summary of Raynaud phenomenon, including the history of the disorder, associated conditions,...

Patient-related outcomes in rhinoplasty surgery

This paper centres on defining and providing a patient-related outcome tool in rhinoplasty surgery. There are currently no validated tools specifically for cosmetic alteration of the nose alone. The authors devised specific scales within the FACE-Q framework to specifically assess...

Facelifting after radiotherapy for head and neck tumours

This paper sought to determine whether facelifting in patients with prior radiotherapy for head and neck cancer was safe. This study focuses on a small sample of 16 patients matched to controls who were retrospectively assessed for major surgical morbidity....

Assessing acne vulgaris

The author reviews the evidence surrounding acne development, prevalence and assessment, discussing the importance of capturing a detailed patient history, with reference to aspects of the author’s own assessment tool. The crucial role of the pilosebaceous unit in relation to...

Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the skin

A comprehensive paper concerning the dermal effects of sun exposure, including strategies which aesthetic nurses can adopt to guide patients in making evidence-based choices in selecting suitable sun protection. The key principles of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), including the immediate and...