Effects of orbital decompression

This is a retrospective review of 319 orbital decompression operations in 169 patients (73% female) with thyroid eye disease. Three wall decompressions were performed in 92 eyes, 2-wall in 206 (medial and floor), and a single wall (medial) in 18,...

Reconstructing post-resective auricular defects

The auricle is split into six specific anatomic subunits that vary in skin thickness, contour, structural integrity and the availability of healthy surrounding tissues. It is important to reconstruct an aesthetically pleasing auricle as slight deformities may be prominent. The...

Modified reversed superficial peroneal artery flap in reconstruction of ankle and foot defects following severe burns

Deep burns involving the foot and ankle represent a significant reconstructive challenge. This paper serves as a clinical review of the modified reversed superficial artery flap. The authors describe key anatomy, surgical steps and clinical outcomes in a small series....

FNA in the diagnosis of malignant salivary gland tumours

Salivary gland tumours are relatively rare and occur with an incidence of 2.5-3% per 100,000 people. Histologically they are extremely diverse with several patterns; some of which overlap and exact diagnosis can be difficult. Indeed it can be difficult to...

Skin with different forms of radio frequency

The authors present a comprehensive and critical discussion of radio frequency technology with detailed descriptions of unipolar, monopolar, bipolar, multipolar as well as fractionated microneedling technologies, supported by some examples of current devices. Critical discussion is provided concerning the literature...

Allergic eyelid dermatitis

This is a retrospective 12 year review of 61 patients diagnosed with periocular allergic dermatitis. The average age was 66 years, with 74% being female. The commonest indications for referral were epiphora, ectropion and blepharitis; and the main symptoms were...

Outcomes of heavily pre-treated oral squamous cell carcinomas

Oral squamous cell carcinoma is one of the more common cancers worldwide. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment and often these patients have had adjuvant therapies. In spite of improving five year survival rates, local recurrent progressive disease is still...

TRALI following fresh frozen plasma resuscitation from burn shock

This study aims to examine the incidence of transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) in burns resuscitation using fresh frozen plasma (FFP). The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of patients who met their requirement of ‘severe burn‘, that being...

Autologous fat grafting does not improve burn scar appearance

Fat grafting procedure has had a surge in popularity in more recent times. This procedure has been used for many different treatments including management of scars, correction of contour deformities, breast augmentation and facial rejuvenation. However, prospective randomised studies of...

The effect of smoking status on burn inhalation injury mortality

It is well recognised that inhalational injury is a major predictor of mortality in burns patients. However, there have not been any studies looking at the effect smoking (and its effects on the lungs) in these patients. Therefore, this is...

Clinical outcome of patients with self-inflicted burns

This study examines the link between patients presenting with self-inflicted burns (SIB) and key outcomes including length of stay (LOS) and mortality. The authors describe current ambiguity in the literature relating to this topic in burns care. They highlight similar...

Sunscreens and their properties for skin protection

A highly relevant discussion on the many facets of photoageing, with a sound overview of different UV rays, supported by clear diagrams showing the penetration depth of different light wavelengths. The composition and some of the myths surrounding physical and...