You searched for "symmetry"

173 results found

Facial nerve injuries in fixing mandibular condylar fractures

The commonest fracture of the mandible is reported in the region of the condyle. Untreated this can lead to shortening of the ramus, facial asymmetry, arthrosis of the temporomandibular joint, impaired mastication and speech. The standard treatment is open reduction...

Non-surgical lip enhancement: systematic preoperative assessment

Detailed knowledge of the anatomy is important prior to any surgical or non-surgical intervention in this complex area. Dr Samizadeh takes us through her pre-procedure analysis. The most frequent location for faciaaestheticl volumising procedures is reported to be the lips...

Revision facial plastic surgery

This is a timely publication to address some of the contemporary issues we face in dealing with poor results, or remediating results of others. No one escapes dissatisfactory outcomes. Lower lid rejuvenation is no longer a surgical manipulation of the...

Natural regression of brow heaviness in thyroid eye disease

This is a retrospective review of the change over time in the sub-brow fat volume in 104 patients with thyroid eye disease. Standardised photographs taken at diagnosis were compared with those taken after an average period of 10 years (+/-...

Treatment of vertical alar discrepancy

This article explains the way to treat vertical alar discrepancy through alar crease and alar sulcus full-thickness incisions and advancement-rotation of the alar flaps. The authors divide the group of patients into three main categories depending on the vertical movement...

Mastering the art of lip rejuvenation

The author presents a sound overview of some of the most prevalent non-surgical techniques used for lip rejuvenation, capturing the challenges in treating a complex anatomical region, as well as the attention required to the surrounding areas; nasolabial region and...

History of fat grafting

Fat grafting was first described in 1893 by Gustav Neuber, who transplanted adipose tissue from the arm to the orbit to correct depressed scars resulting from osteomyelitis. In 1895, Czerny reported excising a lipoma and grafting it into a breast...

How I Do It - Reduction ­thyroplasty

Introduction Male to female transgender patients often undergo reduction thyroplasty – a procedure to reduce the external appearance of the thyroid cartilage of the larynx, and feminisation of the voice. Reduction thyroplasty, often erroneously called ‘tracheal shave’, is one of...

How I Do It - Non-surgical approach to facial ptosis 
– the PDO barbed absorbable thread 5-point facelift

Polydioxanone (PDO) threads summary: Colourless, crystalline, biodegradable synthetic polymer Monofilament Biodegradation by hydrolysis Mainly urine excretion Absorption rate 180 days Breaking strength 53% at 42 days Long established safety record in general surgery as a suture material (PDS II Ethicon)...

Outcomes and complications of supramaximal levator resection

This is a report of 35 children with unilateral congenital ptosis who underwent a supramaximal levator resection, involving extensive dissection of levator including cutting Whitnall’s ligament. The average preoperative margin reflex distance to the upper lid (MRD1) was 0.5mm, and...

Dermoscopy: an update and personal view

With skin cancer now at epidemic levels, early diagnosis is essential. Specialist Stephen Hayes advocates the use of dermoscopy as a triage tool and explains how to interpret the data. Melanoma skin cancer is now the UK’s fifth most common...

Suspension thread lift combination treatments

A true facelift can only be achieved through surgical means, at least for now, and given advances in techniques and anaesthesia, this has become far safer. Not everyone, however, requires a facelift. Non-surgical modalities such as thread lifts with or...