You searched for "oral"

238 results found

Mirror image orbital implants in enopthalmus

This is a review from Chile of five patients who underwent surgery utilising customised implants. Two methods to make the titanium implants were used between the five patients. All patients had diplopia in the gaze position prior to implant placement....

Bruxism: a practical guide to treatment with botulinum toxin type A

The aetiology of bruxism is outlined and referenced, giving a clear context to the reader. Recommended treatment options are listed, with a brief summary of the evidence concerning pharmaceutical options, oral appliances, splints, psychology and physiotherapy. The author discusses a...

Use of photodynamic therapy in the management of papulopustular rosacea

The author presents a review of the current evidence on the use of topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) for treating papulopustular rosacea, initially with a brief overview of the aetiology of the disease and licensed treatment options, before exploring the context...

All about velopharyngeal dysfunction

The velopharynx functionally separates the oral from the nasal cavities. Inadequate or abnormal function of this muscular valve affects speech and swallow. Velopharyngeal dysfunction can be subdivided into insufficiency, incompetence and mislearning. This is a review paper and indeed a...

Submental island flap to reconstruct the lower lip

The lips are necessary for oral competence, cosmesis, speech and feeding. Non melanoma cancers can affect the lips, and the lower lips are about 80% more likely to be affected. A large number of these cancers are squamous cell carcinomas....

Rhinoplasty for the cleft lip and palate patient

The cleft nose is one of the most challenging pathologies for rhinologists and facial plastic surgeons to address. The combination of architectural deformity (related to the extent of lip deformity) and scarring from previous surgery combine to cause the surgical...

Otologic concerns for cleft lip and palate

The management of patients with cleft lip and palate includes a focus on effective speech and language function. Poor eustachian tube function and middle ear dysfunction mean over 90% of children suffer from otitis media with effusion. This article provides...

Topical and systemic interventions for the treatment of rosacea

The author provides current statistical information on the incidence of rosacea and ambiguity surrounding the aetiology of the common, yet complex condition. The paper reinforces the importance of providing symptom specific treatments, as well as the key position of aesthetic...

Airway first in patients with facial trauma

Anyone that has ever been on an advanced trauma life support (ATLS) or indeed any other trauma course will be well indoctrinated with the principles of airways, breathing and circulation (ABC). Securing the airway is of paramount importance; but what...

Two for the price of one multiple parotid neoplasms

With advancing years come many benefits, but one drawback is the acquisition of parotid (or thyroid) neoplasms. Conventional teaching is that most are benign and slowly enlarge, and not infrequently are found bilaterally as in Warthin’s. Pleomorphic adenomas are also...

Nutraceuticals and skin health

An interesting discussion on the evidence surrounding nutraceuticals. The author describes nutracosmetics to be one of the fastest growing subsections of the nutraceutical industry. A comprehensive analysis of topical and dietary antioxidant protection is conveyed with conclusive evidence to demonstrate...

ERAS in microvascular breast reconstruction

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is an important concept in today’s accountancy dominated hospitals, effectively decreasing the length of stay (LOS) of postoperative patients. This is something that surgeons will have to consider – or have protocols foisted upon them...