You searched for "necrosis"

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­Distal edge necrosis in cervicofacial rotation-advancement flaps

Mohs facial reconstructive surgery can be a difficult process for a patient to undergo. The goal of facial reconstruction is to restore contour, function and aesthetics while minimising morbidity. The authors conducted a review of 88 patients who underwent cervicofacial...

Comparing the rates of fat necrosis in irradiated muscle-sparing tram versus diep flap breast reconstruction

The authors performed a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing immediate autologous breast reconstruction with an abdominal free flap. Over a 17-month period, 625 flaps were included in 518 patients, with 40 flaps receiving irradiation. Mean patient age and BMI...

Dermal filler complications

The author presents a useful overview of some of the contributory factors for impending necrosis. It is important to note that compression may not always be due to excessive placement of product or placement within a vessel; the viscosity and...

How I Do It - Management of dermal filler induced facial artery occlusion using the HELPIR technique

Wound healing, especially impending skin necrosis is a subject of great interest to surgical and dermatological medicine. While much of the physiology of wound healing is understood, gaps still exist in our understanding of the phenomenon, especially epithelial formation to...

The Essential Burn Unit Handbook (Second Edition)

For some time, trainees have been searching for a worthy alternative to the long outdated and out of print Burns: The First Five Days, which used to be supplied free by Smith and Nephew. This pocket sized, reference manual, seems...

The use of intravenous tPA for the treatment of severe frostbite

Frostbite can lead to severe consequences to a patient, including loss of digits and limbs. It causes tissue injury by causing cell membrane damage through the formation of extracellular ice crystals and by causing vascular thrombosis. It is to reverse...

Nasal deformity following CPAP injury

Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is commonly used as a non-invasive alternative to endotracheal intubation and tracheotomy, to provide respiratory support to very low birth weight (VLBW) (<1500g) neonates. Nasal injury is a well recognised complication and figures quoted...

Free style facial artery perforator flaps for nasal reconstruction

This is an update from the team of authors that originally described the free style facial artery perforator flap, for one stage nasal reconstruction, in 2009. They now update after 10 years of experience with these freestyle facial artery perforator...

Free flap reconstruction in stage 3 bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis

There is no widely accepted gold standard for the treatments of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis (BRONJ). Whereas the lesser stages of this BRONJ seem to respond well to conservative and minimal invasive therapies there is controversy regarding the treatment of the later...

Complications of otoplasty

Otoplasty has a long history. Currently, two schools of thought predominate, which can be summarised as cartilage cutting and cartilage sparing techniques. The former includes removal of cartilage and the scoring of cartilage, whereas the latter involves contouring by placement...

Cheek augmentation from A to Z

An outline of facial assessment principles and anatomical considerations regarding augmenting the cheek and mid-face is explored. Background statistics are stated regarding the number of injectable procedures performed, referenced to American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) data, 2016. Attention...

Surgical management of refractory osteoradionecrosis

This is a French single-centre, 10-year experience of 55 surgical resection and reconstruction procedures. They claim an overall effectiveness rate of 92.3%. Thity-six segmental and 19 marginal mandibulectomies were performed. A variety of free flaps were used with soft tissue...