The author presents a review of 133 papers, most of which are recent and some of which are historic. The topic examined is that of condylar fractures including condylar neck and coronoid process. This topic has always been controversial and remains so today. There are numerous headings examined, albeit tersely, and they include recent advancements, goals and functional importance of management, physiologic and anatomic considerations, classification and individual operative strategies for specific types of fractures. It is difficult to tell who this article is aimed at. Although informative, there is no attempt to influence an individual surgeon’s practice or to come down on one side of the debate on operative versus nonoperative management. The work of all of the main players in this field is mentioned but not in any great detail and I suspect that this review is most appropriate for anyone wishing to familiarise themselves with the areas of controversy and the relevant papers on the subject.