Complications in tissue expansion

This study aims to identify possible risk factors for complications in tissue expansion in all anatomical regions except the breast. The overall complication rate of tissue expansion is up to 48%. Over the 10-year study period, 34 patients had placement...

Contralateral breast symmetrisation in unilateral DIEP flap breast reconstruction

This paper is focused on whether an immediate breast symmetrisation procedure is beneficial when a patient undergoes contralateral breast resection plus an immediate free flap reconstruction for breast cancer. Free abdominal perforator flaps (DIEP) generally offer the highest postoperative satisfaction...

Advanced botulinum toxin injection techniques for lower facial correction

The author discusses practical guidance for treating the lower face with botulinum toxin. Whilst Abobotulinumtoxin A and Onabotulinumtoxin A are discussed in relation to treating the lower face, Incobotulinum toxin A is not acknowledged, despite the available literature on the...

Facial reconstruction with polyethylene implants

Planning reconstructive surgery for complex craniofacial defects challenges even the most experienced of surgeons. In most cases surgery is undertaken to improve anatomical functioning. However, the anatomical structure of these regions is also critical to facial aesthetics and patient satisfaction...

The role of bacterial biofilms in aesthetic medicine prioritising prevention

The author provides an overview of literature pertaining to the complex and specialist subject of biofilms that may occur in aesthetic medicine. A brief overview is presented concerning the pathophysiology of biofilms with some discussion concerning differential presentations; early and...

Multiple free flaps for head and neck cancer

Most patients with advanced head and neck cancers now undergo microvascular free flap reconstruction. This is mainly as flaps facilitate complete tumour and margin removal by providing reliable wound coverage and better restoration of form and function. However, despite this,...

Abdominal problems following breast reconstruction using lower abdominal flaps

Abdominal problems following transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) and deep inferior epigastric perforators (DIEP) flaps are well recognised in these otherwise excellent methods of breast reconstruction. The authors reviewed 399 patients, of whom 57.7% had surgical complications although most of...

Complications of otoplasty

Otoplasty has a long history. Currently, two schools of thought predominate, which can be summarised as cartilage cutting and cartilage sparing techniques. The former includes removal of cartilage and the scoring of cartilage, whereas the latter involves contouring by placement...

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