Thyroid eye disease and obstructive sleep apnoea

This is a retrospective study looking for an association between compressive optic neuropathy in thyroid eye disease (TED-CON) and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). One hundred and nine patients with thyroid eye disease were asked to complete a validated questionnaire designed...

Cavernous sinus thrombosis and orbital cellulitis

This is a report of six cases of combined orbital cellulitis and infective cavernous sinus thrombosis, with a literature review. The average age was 39 years, four were male and two were intravenous drug users. All had sinusitis, usually involving...

Corneal neurotisation with an allograft

This is the first reported use of an acellular nerve allograft for corneal neurotisation. Seven patients received a 7cm long commercially prepared acellular nerve allograft. This was coapted to a functioning supratrochlear, supraorbital or infraorbital nerve and then tunnelled to...

IgG4-related disease or Graves orbitopathy

This is a retrospective review of patients who had been diagnosed with both IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) and Graves orbitopathy over a four-year period. Eight patients were identified. The diagnosis of IgG4-ROD was based on 10 or more IgG4+ plasma...

Combined Vismodegib and Mohs surgery

This is a report of eight patients with locally advanced periocular basal cell carcinoma who were treated with Vismodegib prior to Mohs micrographic surgery. The rationale for the combined treatment plan was that long-term Vismodegib is poorly tolerated due to...

Lacrimal gland carcinoma outcomes

This is retrospective review of outcomes of lacrimal gland epithelial tumours treated between 1972 and 2014 at Moorfields Eye Hospital. Seventy-nine patients were reported, comprising 53 adenoid cystic carcinomas, 15 primary adenocarcinomas and 11 carcinomas ex-pleomorphic adenoma. The authors compare...

Delayed improvement in Muller’s muscle ptosis surgery

This is a retrospective review of patients undergoing ptosis surgery. The authors had noticed anecdotally that although a posterior approach Muller’s muscle and conjunctival resection (MMCR) appeared to achieve similar results to an anterior approach levator resection (ALR) in the...

Orbital filler for enophthalmos in Parry-Romberg syndrome

This is a retrospective review of three patients with enophthalmos in sighted eyes secondary to Parry-Romberg syndrome. The patients were all female, aged between 24 and 54. All three patients had 4mm of relative enophthalmos prior to treatment. They each...

Modified subciliary approach to the orbital floor

Fractures involving the lateral midface and orbital floor are routinely treated by maxillofacial surgeons. The surgical management requires access to the facial skeleton to reposition and free the soft tissues. There are three main approaches to the orbital floor the...

Fixed or variable Muller’s muscle resection

This is a retrospective analysis of 60 patients who underwent posterior approach ptosis surgery utilising a Muller’s muscle resection. The study compares those who underwent a fixed resection length of 7mm of Muller’s muscle with those having a variable resection...

Acute dacryocystic retention

This is a retrospective study of patients with acute dacryocystic retention (ADR). The condition is distinct from infectious dacryocystitis, and is chararcterised by an acute onset of pain and epiphora associated with a tender but not inflamed lacrimal sac thought...

Hyaluronic acid filler for infraorbital hollows

Volume loss theory has changed the traditional theory of excess tissue as the cause of facial aging. Periorbital area is a challenging region for the injection because of its thin skin, increased vascularity, and compromised lymphatic drainage system. So contour...