One stage nasal reconstruction with local flaps

This is an excellent and authoritative review of an often difficult and controversial clinical subject. Because of increased education and earlier diagnosis of skin tumours, surgeons are being presented with an increasing number of defects with limited size and depth....

Free style facial artery perforator flaps for nasal reconstruction

This is an update from the team of authors that originally described the free style facial artery perforator flap, for one stage nasal reconstruction, in 2009. They now update after 10 years of experience with these freestyle facial artery perforator...

Three-dimensional imaging of the supratip after lower lateral cartilage repositioning

Cephalically positioned lower lateral cartilages (LLCs) contribute to the bulbous-appearing nasal tip. Repositioning of the LLCs removes volume created in the nasal sidewall / supratip regions leading to better tip refinement. This reshaping of the tip is ameliorated by application...

Repair of the supernumerary nostril

The supernumerary nostril is a rare challenge, first reported by Lindsay in 1906. It has been suggested that they may develop from an accessory nasal pit or from a fissure in the lateral nasal process to create a double nostril....

Lateral crura-alar ring

Lateral crura incision or excision are common procedures for most rhinoplasty surgeons despite the fact that they have potential complications such as nostril rim retraction, bossa tip formation and alar wall collapse during breathing. Fortunately, nowadays there is a trend...

How to measure functional outcome after nose surgery

The authors of this paper perform a systematic review of the literature on two of the most popular patient-reported measures for nasal obstruction, the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and the visual analog scale (VAS). They compare pre and postoperative...

Correcting lower lateral cartilage absence

Congenital absence of the lower lateral nasal cartilage is rare. The authors discuss correcting the absence using an open approach technique to harvest septal cartilage. This is then fashioned into a shield graft and a supporting strut graft to define...

Polydioxanone in septal reconstruction

Septal reconstruction is a challenging problem and is undertaken for functional or cosmetic reasons or a combination of both. Either autologous cartilage, commonly auricular, or other alloplastic material can be used. The authors describe the use of a polydioxanone (PDS)...