Chemical peels: a review of types, applications and complications

Chemical peeling agents continue to grow in popularity in response to rising patient demand. The author captures this popular treatment modality with a succinct review of some of the commonly used ingredients, classified broadly by depth into superficial, medium and...

Improving the anatomical understanding of the causation of fine lines

An interesting piece which explores the current evidence of the factors that are thought to lead to facial ageing through fine lines. The author outlines a detailed discussion of the many intrinsic factors which can lead to the emergence of...

Efficacy of radiofrequency technology in the treatment of aesthetic indications

The authors present a clear description of the mechanics of how radiofrequency (RF) was initially developed, supported by a detailed overview of some of the more common RF devices, including their mode of action and applications. The authors include a...

Sun protection is essential to prevent skin cancer and premature ageing

The author gives a brief outline of the key functions of skin with a rationale for why sun care and protection is so important, which is referenced with current guidelines relating to sun exposure and vitamin D. The risks of...

Laser treatment of tattoos

A useful and detailed paper on the theoretical and practical applications of laser tattoo removal, supported by an overview of the history of the use of lasers. Specifically, the author describes some of the basic laser physics, the assessment of...

Bleach peeling for melasma

Identifying and treating melasma is a continued challenge in aesthetic practice and the dermatologist author shares an insightful piece outlining some of the treatment options for topical bleach peel depigmenting approaches. A brief summary of current literature findings are explored...

Skin with different forms of radio frequency

The authors present a comprehensive and critical discussion of radio frequency technology with detailed descriptions of unipolar, monopolar, bipolar, multipolar as well as fractionated microneedling technologies, supported by some examples of current devices. Critical discussion is provided concerning the literature...

Allergic eyelid dermatitis

This is a retrospective 12 year review of 61 patients diagnosed with periocular allergic dermatitis. The average age was 66 years, with 74% being female. The commonest indications for referral were epiphora, ectropion and blepharitis; and the main symptoms were...