Righting the paralysed lip

Many surgical procedures that otolaryngologists perform put the facial nerve at risk of injury, a complication that the surgeon and patient fear alike. Unfortunately, injuries to the nerve can and do happen despite adequate precautions, and facial paralysis may be...

The initial management of nasal trauma

Nasal trauma and fractures are some of the most prevalent clinical problems in a facial surgery practice. Fractures of the nose are the most common facial fractures and reported to be the third most common fracture of the human skeleton....

Management of post traumatic pseudo-telecanthus

Injuries to the nasal and peri-nasal region are common. Indeed the nasal bones are reported to be the most commonly fractured facial bone. While nasal trauma and deformity are commonly recognised and treated, injuries to adjacent structures are easily missed...

Facial asymmetry in patients with deviated noses

Rhinoplasty of a deviated nose is known to be a challenge of its own kind, especially when patients presenting with a deviated nose are unaware of their underlying facial asymmetry. Patients with a successfully straightened nose, continue to perceive their...

Guidelines for the management of craniosynostosis

A Dutch national working group developed this guideline with representatives from the societies representing 11 different specialties and the Dutch national patients’ society. Medical, social and psychological aspects of care for both syndromic and non-syndromic craniosynostosis are included, for both...

Facial reconstruction with polyethylene implants

Planning reconstructive surgery for complex craniofacial defects challenges even the most experienced of surgeons. In most cases surgery is undertaken to improve anatomical functioning. However, the anatomical structure of these regions is also critical to facial aesthetics and patient satisfaction...

Facial sensory rehabilitation

The authors of this paper show the results of their method for facial sensory rehabilitation using cross-face sural nerve grafts in three patients. All three patients had hemifacial anaesthesia after trauma or intracranial tumour resections and their symptoms varied from...

Skin grafts vs local flaps in reconstruction of nasal defects

Nasal defects commonly are a result of removal of skin lesions. Cosmetic outcomes of local flap reconstructions are commonly accepted to be superior in comparison to skin grafts. However, local flap reconstructions require more adjunctive procedures than single-stage operations based...