Reconstruction with scapular tip following hemi-maxillectomy and rehabilitation with dental implants

Post ablative defects in the maxilla can be extremely complex, involve all three dimensions and result in significant morbidity. Rehabilitation is fraught with difficulties, and a number of options are available, such as an obturator or surgical reconstruction with a...

Reconstructing the keystone area

This manuscript describes two different ways to stabilise the keystone area during extracorporeal septoplasty. The authors performed a retrospective study on 110 patients who were operated for extracorporeal septoplasty by multiple surgeons. The patients were divided into two groups; in...

Septal perforation repair and rhinoplasty

The authors present the findings of a retrospective study included 17 patients who underwent rhinoplasty with concurrent septal perforation repair. They analysed the aetiology of the deformity, presenting symptoms, perforation size, intraoperative surgical techniques and complications. They evaluated postoperative subjective...

All about velopharyngeal dysfunction

The velopharynx functionally separates the oral from the nasal cavities. Inadequate or abnormal function of this muscular valve affects speech and swallow. Velopharyngeal dysfunction can be subdivided into insufficiency, incompetence and mislearning. This is a review paper and indeed a...

Submental island flap to reconstruct the lower lip

The lips are necessary for oral competence, cosmesis, speech and feeding. Non melanoma cancers can affect the lips, and the lower lips are about 80% more likely to be affected. A large number of these cancers are squamous cell carcinomas....

Exploration of more effective neurorrhaphy in facial nerve reconstruction

This study was laboratory based and focused on different types of end-to-side neurorraphy, and their effects on treating partial facial paralysis. The ultimate aim of this study was to determine which end-to-side neurorraphy produced the greatest axonal growth across the...

Rhinoplasty for the cleft lip and palate patient

The cleft nose is one of the most challenging pathologies for rhinologists and facial plastic surgeons to address. The combination of architectural deformity (related to the extent of lip deformity) and scarring from previous surgery combine to cause the surgical...

A modification of the crescentic flap for nasal skin reconstruction

Non melanoma skin cancers are the most frequent malignant skin tumours and in over 25% of cases affect the nose. Following excision, the reconstruction can be challenging. The nasal complex has adjacent concave and convex surfaces, minimal laxity and nasal...