Transgender facial surgery

In this review article the author outlines the various elements of this subspecialty, with reference to published literature and his own clinical experience in the field. The article does not present new data, and lacks the detail necessary to appeal...

Mental health status and functional outcomes of rhinoplasty

The authors investigated the impact of mental health on patient satisfaction with rhinoplasty. They responded to the question whether preoperative mental health is associated with satisfaction with functional outcomes of rhinoplasty. They assessed baseline nasal function and postsurgical functional outcomes...

Total lower lip reconstruction: a review

Total or near total defects of the lower lip may result from trauma, cancer ablation or congenital causes. Defects usually involve the full thickness and include skin, muscle and mucosa. There are a number of techniques for the one stage...

Hyaluronic acid filler for infraorbital hollows

Volume loss theory has changed the traditional theory of excess tissue as the cause of facial aging. Periorbital area is a challenging region for the injection because of its thin skin, increased vascularity, and compromised lymphatic drainage system. So contour...

A review of reconstruction of the burned ear

The exposed location of the ear, combined with its thin skin and subcutaneous tissue makes it prone to full thickness burn injuries. As a result, deformity and disfigurement of the ear is a common sequelae of burns. This is a...

Longevity of lip augmentation with SMAS

Lip augmentation is an extremely popular cosmetic procedure. Various surgical techniques have been described. However, only a few studies have specifically addressed lip augmentation with superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS). Postoperative analysis never extended beyond one year so far. The authors...

Reconstruction with scapular tip following hemi-maxillectomy and rehabilitation with dental implants

Post ablative defects in the maxilla can be extremely complex, involve all three dimensions and result in significant morbidity. Rehabilitation is fraught with difficulties, and a number of options are available, such as an obturator or surgical reconstruction with a...

Reconstructing the keystone area

This manuscript describes two different ways to stabilise the keystone area during extracorporeal septoplasty. The authors performed a retrospective study on 110 patients who were operated for extracorporeal septoplasty by multiple surgeons. The patients were divided into two groups; in...