Clinical histopathology of 250 parotidectomy patients

This is a retrospective study of 250 consecutive parotidectomy patients at units in Belgium and the Netherlands. The sensitivity and specificity of FNAC was 64% and 99% respectively. The sensitivity being slightly lower than the often quoted 80%. MRI and...

Extracapsular dissection versus parotidectomy

This is a literature review of 16 papers using the PRISMA protocol. In comparing the two techniques, not surprisingly, they found that the extracapsular dissection had a reduced facial nerve paralysis, Frey syndrome and operation time but also a reduced...

Bone thickness and split pattern in mandibular osteotomies

This paper looked at 63 sagittal split ramus osteotomy sites. The type of split was classified according to the Plooij paper and bone measurements were taken at four sites. Of these sites, the thickness of the bone in one point,...

Surgical management of refractory osteoradionecrosis

This is a French single-centre, 10-year experience of 55 surgical resection and reconstruction procedures. They claim an overall effectiveness rate of 92.3%. Thity-six segmental and 19 marginal mandibulectomies were performed. A variety of free flaps were used with soft tissue...

Hierarchy of orthognathic surgical stability

This study was designed as ‘an overview’ of secondary studies and analysed 15 articles. Two procedures were considered highly unstable, a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy for clockwise rotation of the mandible with bi-cortical screw rigid internal fixation, and posterior maxillary...

Delays in oral cancer

This is a review from Canada where they attempt to relate the delays in oral cancer presentation to treatment and the impact on stage, diagnosis and survival. They recognise that potentially the most significant delay is between the patient first...

Locked or unlocked

This is as systematic review and meta-analysis from the Netherlands, evaluating postoperative complications of mandibular fractures using locking and non-locking systems. It is suggested that postoperative complications of surgical treatment of mandibular fractures occur in 20-26% of patients, and it...

Do bicycle helmets prevent facial injuries

This is an analysis from Germany where they reviewed over 7000 bicycle accidents over a 16-year period that met their inclusion criteria. Over 1000 had a facial injury (bone or soft tissue) with helmets being worn in 11.8% of accidents....

Using autologous blood to reduce post-operative infections

The removal of impacted wisdom teeth is a commonly carried out surgical procedure in maxillofacial surgery. Apart from the usual complications of postoperative bleeding and wound infection, the most painful one is alveolar osteitis. This is mainly dependent on retaining...

Imaging accurately predicting the need for mandibular resection

This is an article from Australia of 109 patients, 83 of which had CT, 72 MRI and the presence of bone invasion on imaging was compared with the histopathology. Bone invasion was present in 44 of 109 resection specimens. Bone...

Bone grafting in orthognathic surgery

This is a systematic review from Belgium and Saudi Arabia of 48 articles. They reviewed the complication, stability, aesthetics and healing of Le Fort I, sagittal split, chin and zygomatic osteotomies. They concluded that there was strong evidence that bone...

Long-term quality outcomes of bimaxillary surgery of obstructive sleep apnoea

This is a review of 12 patients initially two years postoperatively and again at least 17 years postop. Successful outcome of a decrease in apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) of greater than 50% was thought to be success. Eight of the initial...