You searched for "mandible"

129 results found

When to treat a fractured mandible?

This is a prospective study from Brisbane of 215 patients with a total of 359 fractures of the mandible. Nine outcome variables were analysed with a further 19 included to adjust for potential confounding. Treatment delay was found not to...

Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) recovery after ORIF fractured mandible

Mandibular fractures are quite common facial injuries, but aetiology varies with country and age. Common treatment options are open reduction and internal fixation via an intra oral or extra oral incision. Nerve injury or dysfunction is often seen preoperatively and...

Use of spacers for mandibular defects after resection of mandible preceding definitive osseous reconstruction

The authors propose the use of rigid polyethylene and silicon spacers in mandibular defects as an interim measure before definitive osseous reconstruction after mandibular resections for locally aggressive benign disease. The authors point out that the current intermediate reconstruction systems...

CAD/CAM assisted mandibular reconstruction free hand: is there a difference?

The gold standard for the reconstruction of the mandible is a free bony flap, the fibula is commonly used. The fibula is a straight bone and indeed all the other donor sites present various other considerations and difficulties, to allow...

Rib grafts for mandibular reconstruction

The mandible provides support for the function of the lips, floor of mouth and tongue, and provision of oral competence and function such as swallowing, chewing and speech. Reconstruction of the mandible following ablation thus requires good bone stock to...

Complications of plates in fibula free flaps

Good functional reconstruction of the mandible remains challenging for the maxillofacial surgeon. The fibula osteocutaneous flap is widely used as a method of mandibular reconstruction and it can withstand multiple osteotomies and a thus requires hardware to adapt and hold...

A conservative approach to treat ameloblastoma

Ameloblastoma is a relatively rare odontogenic tumour that is benign but locally aggressive. Additionally they tend to recur locally. These are rare accounting for 1% of oral tumours and occur almost exclusively in the jaws. It is more common in...

Hierarchy of orthognathic surgical stability

This study was designed as ‘an overview’ of secondary studies and analysed 15 articles. Two procedures were considered highly unstable, a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy for clockwise rotation of the mandible with bi-cortical screw rigid internal fixation, and posterior maxillary...

Changing trends in the management of osteoradionecrosis (ORN)

In the wake of new drugs that have been introduced for ORN like pentoxifylline, tocopherol, clodronate etc, traditional ‘conservative’ management of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) including minimal surgical debridement and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is under review. This study is a retrospective...

Another paper advocating resection templates

Resection in the head and neck region leads to complex defects with significant impairment in function. Reconstruction is even more difficult and to improve the accuracy of both resection and reconstruction a number of aids are used. With the improved...

How I Do It - Contouring the lower jaw (non-surgical)

It is important to invest time in analysing the lower aspect of the face whilst in discussion with the patient to establish a mutual agreement as to the level of desired correction along with the choice of product. I find...

Off-label cosmetic use of botulinum toxin in the lower face

Botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) is commonly used as an off-label cosmetic modality to improve the ageing lower face and neck, and may be used as a single line treatment or in combination with other procedures, such as dermal fillers [1]....