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Differences between compounded BHRT and conventional HRT

Can BHRT offer hope to women suffering from debilitating menopausal symptoms? Ruth Crofford, ‘the menopause nurse’, explores the evidence, safety issues and misconceptions around the therapy. Life expectancy for women in the UK is currently 80.96 years [1]. Females in...

First signs of late nodal metastases

This is a retrospective review of 65 patients who had late metastases during follow-up after initial curative treatment. They analyse the detection methods of palpation, ultrasound, CT and subjective symptoms. Palpation detected the nodes in 31 patients, ultrasound in 17,...

A new treatment for genitourinary syndrome of menopause

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) [1] is defined as a collection of symptoms and signs mainly associated with the progressive decrease in oestrogen levels. The lack of hormones, usually produced by the ovaries in fertile age, may lead to genital...

Form versus function concerning the external nasal valve

External nasal valve dysfunction is known to be a common cause of nasal obstruction. The authors present a prospective case series (n=19) including primary and revision cases of functional rhinoplasties. All patients reported nasal obstruction and were diagnosed with external...

Handy Solutions

Very few people, if any, enjoy the ravages associated with the ageing process. Apoptosis (programmed cell death) occurs throughout life, but for some unknown reason (possibly associated with epigenetics) cellular replacement and therefore matrix volume decreases. The result is that...

Recognition and treatment of common skin infections

A useful piece for aesthetic nurses who are clinically treating the skin, reinforcing the importance of recognising any signs of possible infection, that may contradict treatment or potentiate complications. The author gives a concise overview of common skin infections, with...

Vulvar rejuvenation

The author explores the concept of vulvar rejuvenation; an increasingly popular area of treatment within the non-surgical aesthetic sector, describing a number of clinical presentations and treatment modalities. Equally, the author acknowledges that surgical vaginal rejuvenation procedures are well established...

The use of neuromodulators in the management of TMJ disorders

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) articulates the mandible to the base of the skull. Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) are a group of musculoskeletal syndromes affecting the TMJ and the supporting musculature. The muscles, bony articular surfaces and disc may all be...

Treatment of established facial palsy with botulinum toxin followed by half mirror exercises

Seventeen patients with unilateral facial palsy for more than a year were treated with botulinum toxin injections to relieve symptoms of facial synkinesis or hyperkinetic movements. Three injections were given at six to eight month intervals, followed by daily half...

Occlusal splint, injections or arthrocentesis in myofascial pain

Facial pain is a fairly common complaint and may present in a myriad of symptoms. These patients present to both dentists and general practitioners and could end up referred to a number of specialists. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) may originate from...

How I Do It - Vaginal rejuvenation - CO2 laser therapy

Women with menopausal symptoms, as well as postnatally, are looking for additional methods as alternatives to traditional hormone replacement therapy (HRT), local oestrogens or topical creams and lubricants, since only 34% comply with their prescribed therapy. Women report an impairment...

Fat grafting as therapy for Raynaud’s

The authors have adapted the technique of lipo-filling, previously described for rejuvenation of the hand, to achieve symptom reduction in patients with primary and secondary Raynaud’s that had previously failed to respond to medical treatments. The majority of the subjects...